What to drink on April 20th, National Banana Day? How about this banana iced coffee recipe? Plus a bonus: the history of cardamom, a spice that gives this drink a special flavor.
Thanks to Dole for the recipe. There are many more banana recipes in every category on Dole.com.
On April 20th, national Banana Day, we’ll present 50 banana recipes.
RECIPE: BANANA ICED COFFEE
This recipe is made with almond milk, which gives it a subtle layer of flavor. But you can use your milk of choice.
Ingredients For 2½ Cups – 4 Servings
- 3 ripe bananas, peeled and cut crosswise into thirds
- 3 tablespoons powdered sugar
- ½ teaspoon ground cardamom
- ½ teaspoon vanilla extract
- 3 tablespoons unsweetened almond milk plus additional for serving as desired
- 4 cups brewed coffee, cooled
- Garnish: 2 tablespoons shaved dark or milk chocolate
1. PUREE the bananas, sugar, cardamom, and vanilla extract in a blender. With the blender running, slowly add the milk.
2. FREEZE the banana mixture for 1 hour or until almost solid.
3. DIVIDE the coffee into four 12-ounce glasses. Stir in the banana mixture and sprinkle with chocolate. Serv
4. SERVE with additional milk, if desired.
THE HISTORY OF CARDAMOM
Wild cardamom plants originated in the rainforests of the Western Ghats, a mountain range in Southern India. The plants were so abundant that the area became known as Cardamom Hills.
Elettaria cardamomum, commonly known as green or true cardamom, is an herbaceous, perennial plant in the ginger family of flowering plants, Zingiberaceae. Cardamom pods (photo #2) are the fruit of the large ginger-like plant. Each pod contains 15 to 20 tiny, sticky black or brown seeds with a strong fruity aroma (photo #3).
The pods and seeds have a strong aroma, in the manner of cloves. The flavor is also strong, and has been described as a combination of ginger and cinnamon. The versatile spice has long been used in both savory and sweet foods.
The use of cardamom dates back at least 4000 years and traveled far beyond India. Ancient Egyptians chewed cardamom pods to keep their breath minty fresh and to help clean their teeth. They also used it for medicinal purposes, rituals, and embalming.
The Greeks and Romans liked cardamom for its pungent aroma. It was a key ingredient in perfumes and aromatic oils.
Vikings discovered cardamom and brought it back to Scandinavia, where it became popular in baking breads and pastries, cooking, mulled wine, and glögg.
During the 19th century, plantations of cardamom were set up by British colonists in India and Sri Lanka [source].
Green cardamom is one of the 10 most expensive spices in the world by weight (here’s the whole list). However, with its strong flavor, a little goes a long way.
Green Cardamom Vs. Black Cardamom
Note that there is also black cardamom (photo #5), a different species, with a flavor that is not interchangeable with green cardamom (i.e., do not substitute!).
- Green cardamom is harvested before it reaches maturity.
- Black cardamom is allowed to mature, and is then dried over an open fire to create a distinctive smoky aroma and flavor. Black cardamom also has notes of camphor, menthol, and resin, and a slightly minty aroma.
- A totally different spice, its pods are large and rough. It’s used to give depth to Indian cooking, such as curry masala.
Green Cardamom UsesCardamom is very popular in Indian and Middle Eastern cuisines, by itself (i.e., ground), and added to spice blends.
Green cardamom is essential to many curry powders and daals (lentil dishes), as well as Indian rice pudding and chai.
And don’t forget all the Scandinavian recipes! Here are more uses for cardamom.
For the best flavor, the seeds (photo #3) are removed from the pods (photo #2) just before use, and ground with a mortar and pestle (photo #4).
Cardamom tea, made by steeping the pods, is a traditional drink in Asia (here’s a recipe).
While much green and black cardamom still comes from India and Sri Lanka, Guatemala is the world’s largest producer and exporter of cardamom. In some parts of Guatemala, the spice crop is even more valuable than coffee!
 Banana iced coffee has accents of almond, cardamom and vanilla (photo © Dole).
 Cardamom pods contain a number of seeds (photo #3), but the entire cardamom pod can be used whole or ground (photos #2, #3, #4, #5 © Silk Road Spices).
 The cardamom seeds inside the pods (photo #3) are ground (photo #4).
 Ground green cardamom.
 Black cardamom, a different species with a very different flavor profile.
 Vanilla cardamom whoopie pie and milkshake shooter. Here are the recipes for the milkshake and whoopie pies (photo © McCormick).